What is Cream Sauce?
The main ingredients of cream sauce are butter, flour, cheese and cream. The butter and flour are pan cooked and then the liquids are added to thicken it. This rich sauce has a pale golden color, or may be white. The texture is smooth, creamy and easy to pour. The flavors are cheesy, buttery and salty, with hints of herbs. Each cream sauce varies, depending on the cheese and herbs used for it. Cream sauce is often served over pasta or with seafood.
...Water is a substance and chemical compound made up of hydrogen and oxygen. It is clear, fluid, flavorless and odorless. Water is a necessity in nearly every aspect of life, including cooking, baking and hydrating the human body. Water can be served as a cold beverage, or at any temperature comfortable to the mouth and skin.
...Cream is the fat derived from milk. Other milking animals can produce cream, but it is most commonly obtained from cows. The cream can vary from an off white to a pale golden color. The texture is smooth and can be thick, like a high fat yogurt, or thin, as is often seen in store bought cartons of whipping cream. The flavor is delicate, milky and buttery. Cream is used in a huge variety of food items and dishes, from baked goods, to curries, as glaze for scones, or a flavoring for tea and coffee.
...Cornstarch is obtained from the endosperm of the corn kernel. This is the main body and juicy part of the kernel. Cornstarch is a fine, white powder with a squeaky texture and neutral flavor. It is used in many foods, particularly in America. Cornstarch makes an easy thickener for liquids, such as sauces and an excellent binding agent for baked goods. In the 1800's cornstarch was used for starching laundry, making the clothing appear stiff and professional.
...Dried basil is an aromatic herb. Fresh green basil leaves are dried and often ground into tiny flakes. Dried basil can be used year round, as this herb only grows in the warm months of the year. The dried herb is a muted green color, with an herbal, spicy and green zesty flavor. It can be added as a seasoning to salad dressings and a variety of savory dishes.
...Canola oil is a popular and readily available oil in America, due to its inexpensive price and neutral flavor. Canola oil comes from the rapeseed plant, the oil is pressed from the seeds and has a yellow color. It is a thin oil that is best for medium high heat, such as sautéing, though is commonly used for deep frying. Canola can be found in baked good, salad dressings, and a vast variety of food products.
...Egg yolks are the small round and bright golden colored center of the egg. Some yolks may be a paler yellow, while others are almost orange, this has to to do with the diet of the hen who laid the egg. The egg yolk is surrounded by the egg white and holds its shape until punctured. The yolk is viscous and runny with a shiny quality. Once cooked the sheen disappears. Egg yolks taste somewhat sulfurous and mild.
...Spinach is leafy green vegetable with thin stalks that grow in a cluster in the soil. Spinach has green, tender leaves that are oblong, but on the rounder side. Baby spinach has thin, tender leaves, while mature spinach has larger leaves that are still tender and bruise easily, but are a bit sturdier. The flavor is green and vegetal. It can leave a fuzzy mouthfeel from the oxalic acid that is found in spinach. Spinach can be eaten raw or cooked.
...Parmesan, also called Parmigiano-Reggiano is a type of aged cow's milk cheese. Parmigiano-Reggiano must be made in Italy and is the authentic real deal. Parmesan is extremely similar, but made outside of Italy and may use slightly different methods, depending on the maker and brand. Parmesan or Parmigiano-Reggiano is aged for an average of two years and comes in a wheel shape that is cut into smaller wedges. It has a golden color and a texture than is hard and grainy. The flavor is intense, salty and extremely umami. It perks up many savory food items.
...Pecorino Romano is made from sheep's milk and is one of Italy's oldest cheeses. It is a hard cheese that is aged for five or more months, with a flavor that is very similar to Parmigiano Reggiano. Pecorino has a warm white color and a bit of a gritty and dry texture and is covered in a black rind. Pecorino is more tangy and saltier than Parmigiano Reggiano, with nutty and highly umami taste. It is easy to grate and a small amount goes a long way.
...Salt is a mineral composed mostly of sodium chloride. It is the main flavoring used in food and is naturally occurring in certain foods, such as cheese, beets, meat and celery, plus many others. Salt is white and has finer granules than sugar. Many commercial salts include iodide, while others exclude it. Most salts are white, while some are naturally pale pink with minerals. Salt brings out the flavor of something and can create a tangy mouthfeel, if used in excess.
...Garlic is used in cuisines around the world and is extremely popular for its depth of flavor. The garlic bulb forms underneath the soil and is harvested once it reaches maturity. The bulb typically has thin, dry, white and flaky skin, surrounding the individual cloves. Often there are 10-12 cloves to a bulb/head of garlic. The cloves are cream colored with a strong smell and flavor that is spicy and sharp. Garlic takes on a nutty flavor in addition, when cooked. It is used in countless dishes, sauces, breads and more.
...Butter is made from churned cream, usually from a cow. It has a cream color and a texture that is smooth and melts easily. The flavor is mild and creamy. Butter is often sold in square sticks, or as a flat or round block. It is delicious on bread. It pairs better in baked goods than salted butter, due to its more neutral taste. It also makes an excellent cooking fat.
...Sugar comes from sugar cane and sugar beets. The sugar is extracted from the juice of both plants and refined into the granulated substance known as sugar. Sucrose, the sweet substance of sugar is a combination of glucose and fructose. White sugar is composed of tiny white, dry granules. The flavor is sweet and neutral. Brown sugar is brown and has more moisture, with a richer flavor that hints at molasses. Sugar is used in both sweet and savory foods.
...The peppercorn plant grows in tropical climate and produces tiny black fruit. The fruit is dried and become hard. At this point it is ground into a textured powder comprised of black and grey dots. It has a flavor that is spicy, pungent and sharp. Pepper is an extremely popular spice, especially in Western cuisines and lends a gentle heat to dishes. There are different varieties of black pepper and the flavor changes subtly because of this.
...Onion powder is made from the bulb vegetable, onion. Onions are round with a thin, papery skin covering their many layers of juicy and crunchy flesh. This flesh, which is white, yellow or red is made by taking dehydrated onion pieces and then grinding them into an extremely fine powder. The powder is a pale golden/tan color. Onion powder has a flavor that is milder than fresh onions, but highly flavorful in a richer and more concentrated way. It tastes both sweet and mellow, with a spicy edge. Onion powder is used as a seasoning for savory dishes.